The women of the LGBTQI community suffer twice as much violence as heterosexuals. A good part of these aggressions are perpetrated by parents, relatives, friends or co-workers, who exercise “corrective” actions to try to “correct” behaviors considered to be out of the “normal”.
In Mexico15 out of every 100 lesbian, bisexual or asexual women have been victims of rape, a proportion that doubles that registered among “women who only like men”, which is seven rape victims for every 100.
As revealed by the National Survey on Sexual and Gender Diversitypublished this year by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi)non-heterosexual women suffer acts of victimization more frequently than the population of heterosexual women, in all forms of violence on which they were consulted.
For example, the proportion of lesbian, bisexual and asexual women who have received offensive messages is 129 percent higher than that recorded among heterosexual women; that of those who have been threatened is 127 percent higher; that of victims subjected to non-consensual touching is 95 percent higher; and that of victims of humiliation is 76 percent.
“Based on the idea that being heterosexual is ‘normal’, what is ‘okay’, society imposes on women the way they should act –explains oriana lopez, director of Balance, a civil organization dedicated to sexual and reproductive health–. And when you don’t comply, when you don’t act like a ‘straight woman,’ comes violence aimed at returning you to ‘normal’.”
against all women Mexicoregardless of their sexual orientation, “sexual violence and abuse are used as subjugation tools -adds the specialist-, but against sapphic people (as the Balance organization calls members of the LGBTQI community) a specific violence is applied , which is added to the general violence against women”.
According to the results of inegiin Mexico There are approximately 48 million heterosexual women aged 15 or older (94 percent of the total), and 2.4 million who recognize themselves as lesbian, bisexual or asexual.
Due to this overwhelming demographic difference between both sectors of the population, the highest number of cases of sexual violation accumulates in heterosexual adolescents and adults, with 3.3 million victims.
In contrast, among non-heterosexual women, 352 thousand cases are registered. That means that for every 10 heterosexual women victims of rape, there is one lesbian, bisexual, asexual or other dissident victim.
However, the statistics generated by the Inegi reveal that the frequency with which these attacks occur is different for both groups. An example: out of every 10,000 lesbian, bisexual or asexual women, 1,472 have been victims of rapea figure that is reduced to 687 cases per 10,000 heterosexual women, that is, less than half.
“It is not about saying that this sector of women has a worse time than others, or to demand urgent attention for violence against some, before others,” explains Pol Martínez, who directs the organization Musas de Metal, Grupo de Mujeres Gay AC–. All forms of violence against all women must be addressed. However, this violence against specific groups of the population must be named, made visible”.
During the 27 years of work of Musas AC, giving reflection workshops and psychotherapeutic support to lesbian, bisexual, non-binary and transsexual women, “we have become aware of many cases of attempted ‘correction’, ranging from mistreatment, threats, conversion therapies, even ‘corrective’ rapes, which are sexual attacks under the false justification of ‘I’m going to teach you what a real man is’. That is something that we know, but data was needed to prove it,” he explains. Pol Martinezowner of the organization.
The Inegi survey, in fact, shows that the violence suffered by lesbian, bisexual or asexual women is exercised in a particular way, although not exclusively, by figures who claim some authority over them.
In cases of sexual violations committed by the fathers of the victims, for example, the frequency of the attacks is 397 cases for every 10,000 lesbian, bisexual or asexual victims.
In contrast, in the case of heterosexual women, this figure drops to 274 cases for every 10,000 victims.
Similarly, the frequency with which friends and acquaintances have sexually violated lesbian, bisexual or asexual women is 2,767 cases for every 10,000 victims; which drops by almost half in heterosexual victims (1,423 cases per 10,000 victims).
This form of violence is radicalized in certain regions of the country. In Baja California and Zacatecas, for example, in practically all the cases of bisexual, lesbian and asexual women who have been raped, the perpetrators were relatives, jointly or in addition to other people.
In Baja California, in fact, 40 percent of non-heterosexual women who have been raped by relatives other than their father were also victims of their fathers.
In Mexico, details the specialist oriana lopez, “many forms of corrective violence are practiced and this occurs because the system assumes that, if you are not heterosexual, it is because you suffer from some pathology and that it can be cured, that it must be ‘corrected’; however, what really demonstrates pathological behavior in itself is incurring in that type of thinking”.